National Insecurities by Deirdre Moloney is a historical analysis on U.S immigration laws and policy in the United States. Moloney starts out by arguing how U.S deportation policy was a way for the United States to pick and choose what immigrants they wanted in their country. She relates this as a “social filter” that created much of a debate about immigration policy. This social filter focuses on the debate in deciding which immigrants are allowed to live in American society (illegally) and which immigrants were aloud citizenship. Moloney uses multiple Supreme Court cases, organizations for immigrants as well as public policies to show what legal and illegal immigrants had to endure. Her focus is on the hardships of deportation policies since 1882 as well as the effect immigration policies have on immigrants and their citizenship. Deportation policies stricter rules over the years is an argument by Moloney in which she blames the increase of racial indifferences over the years as a result of these stricter policies. The attack of 9/11 is referred to in the beginning of her introduction as a recent event, which caused an increase in stricter deportation laws for specific immigrants, such as Muslims. Moloney also looks at how these immigration and deportation polices intersect with race, gender, and class. She discusses the emphasis of the term “whiteness” by historian’s, which shows how important being white is for immigrants when framing their racial identity in society. Moloney clearly focuses on looking at immigration and deportation policies through a transnational and global context. The introduction ends with this focus on how U.S Deportation policies through a global context to show how such immigration policies were influenced. This global context shows how historians often overlook how U.S immigration officials traveled to other countries to learn about their immigrants, which influenced how they created their policy and government infrastructures on immigration and deportation policy.